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Archive for August 2nd, 2007

Aquinas’ Sermon Notes: The Blessings of Humility

Posted by Dim Bulb on August 2, 2007

Humble yourselves under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time (1 Pt 5:6)

 

In these words St Peter asserts three things.  In the first place he exhorts to humility, “humble yourselves;” in the second place, he show the necessity of the humbling “under the mighty hand of God,” who is able to humble the unwilling; in the third place, he places the usefulness of humility, that “He may exalt you in due time.”

Concerning the first point, the exhortation to humility, it should be noted that humility is of three kinds. 1) There is humility caused by sin: There is one who humbles himself wickedly, and his interior is full of deceit” (Sir 19: 23).  2)  There is humility brought about by punishment: “There enemies also oppressed them, and they were broguht into subjection under their hand” (Ps 106:42).  3)  There is the humility of grace:  “Learn of Me, for I am meek and lowly in heart”  (Mt 11:29).  The first kind of humility is to be fled from; the second to be endured; the third  is to be sought after.

Concerning the second point, the necessity of being humbled by God, it should be noted that God shows his power over the proud in three ways.  1) In resisting them, for “God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble” (Jm 4:6).   2) In casting them down: “When they were lifted up, you cast them down” (Ps72:18 Vulgate).  3) In punishing them eternally: And his stink shall come up, and his ill-savour shall come up, because he has done great things” (Joel 2:20).

Concerning the third point, it should be noted that man aquires a three-fold profit from humility.  1) The gift of grace.  As has already been seen above, God, “gives grace to the humble” (Jm 4:6).  2) The gift of knowledge: “You have hidden these things from the wise and prudent, and have revealed them to babies” (Mt 11:25).  3) The gift of glory: “for he that has been humbled shall be in glory” (Job 12:29, Vulgate). -St Thomas Aquinas

Posted by Dim Bulb.  Check out my other site, CATHOLIC BOOKWORM 

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