The Divine Lamp

The unfolding of thy words gives light; it imparts understanding to the simple…Make thy face shine upon thy servant, and teach me thy statutes

Aquinas Epistle Notes for the 2nd Sunday of Lent

Posted by Dim Bulb on February 27, 2010

The readings used in the Extraordinary Form of the Rite (the so-called Latin Mass) differ from those used in the Ordinary Form (the so-called Mass of Vatican II).  Below you will find Aquinas’ sermon notes on the Epistle used in the Extraordinary Form.  For a number of online resources for the Mass according to both forms of the Rite (Scripture study, homilies, etc.,), click here.

THE CHRISTIAN’S LIFE

“we beseech you, brethren, and exhort you by the Lord Jesus, that as ye have received from us how ye ought to walk and to please God,” &c.-1 Thess 4:1.

The Apostle exhorts in this Epistle to five things. Firstly, that we should walk according to God: “How ye ought to walk.”  Secondly, that we may be pleasing to God: “To please God.”  Thirdly, as holy: “Your sanctification.”  Fourthly, that we should do no injury to our neighbor: “That no man go beyond and defraud.”  Fifthly, that we should avoid sins of sensuality: Ye should abstain from fornication.”

I.  Walking according to God: It is to be noted that the Apostle taught us twelve ways of walking; five of them will be mentioned here, and the rest in the Homily for the Third Sunday in Lent.

1.  In humility, lest inflated with pride we are not able to pass up the narrow way.

2.  In patience, that we may bear cheerful toils and the misfortunes of the way.

3.  In meekness, that we may have companions on our way, and may  not perturb them in the journey.

4.  In charity, that we may communicate good words to our companions.

5.  In compassion, that we may help the infirmities of the saints.

Concerning these five Ephesians 4:1-2 teaches (note the color coding etc., with what preceded).

1.  “That ye walk worthy of the vocation, with all lowliness.

2.  Long suffering.

3.  Meekness.

4.  Forbearing one another.

5.  In love.

II.  How to please God.  Five things are necessary.

1. That we should fear Him above all as omnipotent and just.

2.  That we should hope in Him above all as if in a liberator.

Of these two Ps 147 states: “The Lord taketh pleasure in them that fear Him, in them that hope in his mercy.”

3.  That we should love Him above all, as our highest good: “I love them that love Me” (Prov 8:17).

4.  That we shall sustain tribulations willingly for His sake: “All that pleased God passed through many tribulations, remaining faithful.

5.  That for His sake we should despise fleshly delights, and live after the Spirit: They that are in the flesh cannot please God.  But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit” &c.

III.  Concerning sanctification (holiness): We ought to be holy for five reasons.

1.  That we may become like God: “Be ye holy, for I am holy” (1 Pet 1:16).

2.  Lest we should do injury to Christ, Who cleansed us with such great toil and cost: “Loved us, and washed us from our sins in His Own Blood” (Apoc 1:5).

3.  Lest we should be prevented from entering the Heavenly City: “There shall in no wise enter into it anything that defileth” (Apoc 21:27).

4.  That we may be made capable of receiving wisdom: “Conveyeth herself into holy souls; she maketh the friends of God and prophets” (Wisd 7:27).

5.  That we may be worthy to see God: “Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God,” which vision Christ has procured for us (Mt 5:8).

Note: For some reason the notes end here, without Aquinas dealing with the fourth and fifth things mentioned in the opening paragraph.  He does refer to the fifth thing in his homily on the Epistle for the Third Sunday in Lent.

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4 Responses to “Aquinas Epistle Notes for the 2nd Sunday of Lent”

  1. […] St Thomas Aquinas on the Epistle.  Notes for a sermon “The Christian’s Life.” […]

  2. […] Aquinas’ Homily Notes on 1 Thess 4:1-7. […]

  3. […] Aquinas’ Homily Notes on 1 Thess 4:1-7. […]

  4. […] Aquinas’ Homily Notes on 1 Thess 4:1-7. […]

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