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Aquinas’ Homily Notes on the Epistle For the 3rd Sunday of Lent

Posted by Dim Bulb on March 5, 2010

THE WALK OF THE RIGHTEOUS AND OF THE WICKED.
Third Sunday in Lent.
“Walk as children of the light.” Eph 5:8.

The Apostle, in these words, lays down three points for
consideration. Firstly, he exhorts to walking: “walk.”
Secondly, the manner of walking : ” as children.” Thirdly,
He assigns a cause ” of the light,” for light is the means of
walking : S. John xii. 35, ” Walk while ye have the light.”

I. On the first head it is to be noted, that man has a four-
fold walk. (1) Of nature, by walking according to which
a man hastens towards death : Job. xvi. 22, ” I shall go
the way whence I shall not return.” (2) Of sin, by walk-
ing according to which a man passes on from sin to sin :
Ps. xii. 8, ” The wicked walk on every side.” (3) Of grace,
by walking according to which a man goes on from good to
better: Gen. xvii. 1, “Walk before Me, and be thou per-
fect.” (4) Of glory, according to which the holy walk who
are following Christ : Apoc. iii. 4, ” They shall walk with
Me in white, for^ they are worthy.” The first is to be en-
dured, the second to be avoided, the third to be acted upon,
the fourth to be desired. The Apostle exhorts to the third :
Eph. iv. 7, ” I beseech you that ye walk worthy.”

II. On the second head is to be noted the manner of walk-
ing, of which the Apostle mentions twelve ways ; five of
which were explained in Homily III., for the second Sunday
in Lent, and seven remain to be considered here. It is
known that we ought to walk ” in newness of life”  –  (1) parCasting away our former sin : Rom. vi. 4, ” We also should
walk in newness of life.” (2) Subjecting the flesh to the
Spirit, and living according to the Spirit : Gal. v. 16,
” Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the
flesh.” (3) In lov.e, loving God and one’s neighbours : Eph. parv. 2, ” Walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us.” (4) parHonestly, having a good conversation amongst men : 1 Thess. pariv. 1 2, ” Walk honestly toward them that are without.” (5) In
wisdom, edifying others by sweet and profitable words : Coloss. pari v. 5, ” Walk in wisdom toward them that are without.” (6) parIn Christ, by following and imitating Him : Coloss. ii. 6,
” As ye have, therefore, received Christ Jesus the Lord, so
walk in Him.” (7) We ought to walk in the light, as doing
nothing worthy of reproof : S. John xi. 9, ” If any man
walk in the day he stumbleth not.” The holy walk in these
seven paths, but the wicked in seven other ways  –  (1) Ac-
cording to the flesh, in fulfilling its desires : 2 S. Peter ii. 10,
” Them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness.”
(2) According to the course of this world : Eph. ii. 2,
” Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of
this world.” (3) In vanity, by loving the things which are
vain: Eph. iv. 17, “As other Gentiles walk in the vanity
of their mind.” (4) In living inordinately, and dishonestly,
and dissolutely: 2 Thess. iii. 6, “Withdraw yourselves
from every brother that walketh disorderly, and not after
the tradition which he received of us.” (5) In fulfilling
whatsoever desires they list. (6) By living luxuriantly
in lasciviousness. (7) In gluttonies, revellings, and the
like. Of these three : 1 S. Pet. iv. 3, ” So have wrought the
will of the Gentiles when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts,
excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable
idolatries.” Those who so walk, perish : Job. vi. 18, ” The
paths of their way are turned aside ; they go to nothing, and
perish ;” whilst they who walk after the former ways come
to the joy of eternal life, which may Christ give us. Amen

One Response to “Aquinas’ Homily Notes on the Epistle For the 3rd Sunday of Lent”

  1. […] Notes on Ephesians 5:1-9 for the 3rd Sunday of Lent (Extraordinary Form of the Rite) Aquinas’ Homily Notes on the Epistle For the 3rd Sunday of Lent […]

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