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Aquinas’ Homily Notes on the Gospel for the 3rd Sunday of Lent

Posted by Dim Bulb on March 5, 2010

Aquinas’ homily notes provide some very fine points for meditation and further study.  Below are his notes on the Gospel for the 3rd week in Lent according to the pre-Vatican II lectionary.  Resources for this weeks Mass for both the Pre-Vat. II (Extraordinary) form of the Rite and the current (Ordinary) form of the Rite can be found here.

Third Sunday in Lent.
“He was casting out a devil and it was dumb.”  –  S. Luke 11:14.

In these words, concerning the casting out of this devil,
is signified the casting out of the devil from the heart, and
they teach three things. Firstly, the frequency of the cast-
ing out : ” And He was casting out,” whence it is implied
that He did frequently cast them out. Secondly, the wicked-
ness of him who was cast out : ” and he was dumb.” Thirdly,
the profitableness of this casting out : ” When the devil was
gone out the dumb spake.”

I. On the first head it is to be noted, that the Lord
frequently cast out a devil  –  (1) In casting him out from
Heaven: Ezek. xxviii. 16, ” I will cast thee as profane out
of the mountain of God.” Apoc. xii. 9, ” The great dragon
was cast out.” (2) He cast him out of Paradise when
cursing him: Gen. iii. 14, “Because thou hast done this
thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the
earth.” (3) He cast him from a mount when He repelled
him : S. Matt. iv. 10, ” Get thee hence, Satan.” (4) Casting
him out from the souls in driving him from them : Acts x. par38, ” Who went about doing good, and.healing all that were
oppressed of the devil.” (5) He cast him out from the
bodies of the sick when He healed them : S. Luke iv. 41,
” Devils also came out of many.” (6) He cast him out from
the world, delivering it from his power : S. John xii. 31,
” Now shall the prince of this world be cast out.” (7) He
cast him into hell, consigning him to eternal fires: Isa. parxiv. 15, ” Thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides
of the pit.”

H. On tM second head it is to be noted, that a threefold
evil came upon the sick man from the devil, signifying the
threefold evil which comes from sin. The first was, because
the devil possessed him ; the second, because he made him
blind ; the third, because he deprived him of the power of
speech. That man had these three miseries, because he was
a demoniac, was blind, and was dumb ; they signify three
evils which flow from sin  –  (1) He was possessed by the
devil : 2 S. Tim. ii. 26, ” That they may recover themselves
out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him
at his will.” (2) He was made blind : Zeph. i. 17, ” They
shall walk like blind men because they have sinned against
the Lord.” (3) He was made dumb, so that he could neither
praise God nor confess his sins : Isa. lvi. 10, ” They are all
dumb dogs ; they cannot bark.”

III. On the third head it is to be noted, that three bless-
ings follow the casting out of the devil  –  first, the liberation
from his possession ; second, the restitution of sight ; third,
the restoration of speech ; and these signify the three good
things which happen to a soul in justification  –  (1) That the
soul is delivered from the power of the devil : Coloss. i. 13,
u Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness.” (2) parThat the light of grace is restored to’it: Ps. cxlvi. 8, “The
Lord openeth the eyes of the blind.” (3) That speech is
given, by which sin may be confessed and God may be
praised : Ps. Ii., ” Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God”
–  i.e., from sins  –  ” and my tongue shall sing aloud of Thy

One Response to “Aquinas’ Homily Notes on the Gospel for the 3rd Sunday of Lent”

  1. […] Aquinas’ Homily Notes on the Gospel.  On the cast-out devil. Possibly related posts: (automatically generated)Resources for Sunday Mass For Both Forms Of The Rite (July 19, 2009)October 25th: Resources For Sunday Mass (Both Forms of the Rite)Resources For Sunday Mass, Second Week Of AdventMass Collaboration, Quality and OER […]

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