The Divine Lamp

The unfolding of thy words gives light; it imparts understanding to the simple…Make thy face shine upon thy servant, and teach me thy statutes

Archive for September 13th, 2011

Sunday, September 18: Resources for Sunday Mass (Ordinary and Extraordinary Forms)

Posted by Dim Bulb on September 13, 2011

This post contains resources for both the Ordinary and Extraordinary Forms of the Roman Rite. The Scripture readings in the two forms differ. Some updates, especially for the Extraordinary Form, will be added before Saturday.

ORDINARY FORM
TWENTY-FIFTH SUNDAY IN ORDINARY TIME

Today’s Mass Readings.

Today’s Divine Office.

Father Callan’s Commentary on the First Reading (Phil 1:20c-24, 27a).

Bernardin de Piconio’s Commentary on the First Reading (Phil 1:20c-24, 27a).

Aquinas’ Catena Aurea on the Gospel (Matt 20:1-16).

Father Fonck on the Gospel (Matt 20:1-16).

Video Study of the Gospel (Matt 20:1-16). Audio/video, 56 minutes.

My Summary of the Readings for Sunday Mass, Sept 18.

Word Sunday:

  • MP3 PODCAST In this week’s audio podcast, we discuss attitudes found in ministry. Should we be proud or humble? What place does jealousy have in service to the Lord?
  • FIRST READING The author of Isaiah 55 urged his audience “to seek the Lord where he can be found.” They should turn back to God, for his ways and his thoughts are not like those of ordinary people.
  • PSALM Psalm 145 was a song of praise that emphasized style of writing over its substance. Still, it evoked feelings of awe before the Lord.
  • SECOND READING In his letter to the Philippians, an elderly St. Paul was torn between his desire to die so he could see Christ in glory and his wish to serve the church. God or others? Beneath this dilemma was the desire to be with those he loved and serve them.
  • GOSPEL Matthew’s gospel presented the parable of the businessman and the day laborers. The businessman hired workers throughout the day to work in his vineyard. He promised to pay them all the same. At the end of the day, those who worked all day were jealous of those who only worked an hour, for their pay was equal. Was the businessman really unfair? Is God unfair when we work so hard, yet receive the same as those who work so little?
  • CHILDREN’S READINGS In the story for the first reading, Agnes gets a big surprise for her birthday, a hot air balloon ride. She got to see the world in a way God sees the world: the big picture. In the story for the gospel, Jillian worked hard to earn the privilege to play on her Grandma’s player piano. When her younger cousin Gregory hogged the piano, she felt slighted. We might feel the same as Jillian when we work hard but we are treated unfairly. God, however, sees our predicament differently than we do.
  • CATECHISM LINK In this first catechism link for the school year, we discuss sin and virtue. Both point to the moral of this Sunday’s parable. The first shall be last, the humble will be first in the Kingdom.
  • FAMILY ACTIVITY Discuss the difference between what we think is fair vs. what is truly just. Brainstorm “My Wants, Others’ Needs” on a piece of newsprint to help family members understand the difference.

Haydock Bible Commentary. Readings from the Douay-Rheims Challoner translation followed by notes from the old Haydock Commentary. Originally posted in 2008.

Navarre Bible Commentary: Not yet posted, will update.

UPDATE: Is God Fair. A post by Catholic Biblical Scholar Dr. John Bergsma.

Bible Workshop. Links, reading guide, comparing the readings, lesson plan.

Gospel Reading with Meditation.

Historical Cultural Context. Some interesting insights from 1st century Mediterranean culture.

Thoughts From the Early Church. Excerpt from St Augustine.

Scripture in Depth. Succinct overview of the readings and their thematic relations to one another. Suggests that Philippians is a collection of several letters melded together by an editor. For an opposing-and in my opinion-better viewpoint see Seven Pauline Letters.

Catholic Matters. The readings with brief explanations.

Parish Bible Study. Notes on the readings from St Charles’ Borromeo Parish.

Lector Notes. Brief historical and theological overview of the readings.Can be copied and used as a bulletin insert.

Dr. Scott Hahn Podcast. Brief audio. Does good job of highlighting the major theme(s) of the readings. Text available as well.

EXTRAORDINARY FORM
FOURTEENTH SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST

Today’s Roman Missal. Latin and English side by side.

Cornelius a Lapide’s Commentary on Galatians 5:16-24.

Bernardin de Piconio’s Commentary on Galatians 5:16-24.

Aquinas Catena Aurea on Matt 6:24-33 for Sunday Mass, Aug 29.

Juan de Maldonado on Matt 6:24-33 for Sunday Mass, Aug 29.

NOTE: The following links are to online books, use the site’s zoom feature to enlarge text size for easier reading.

Devout Instruction on the Gospel and Epistle. Use the site’s zoom feature to increase text size for easier reading.

The Service of God an Easy Service. Homilyon the Gospel by Fr. Augustine Wirth, O.S.B., a famed preacher of his day.

Avarice. Gospel homily also by Fr. Wirth.

Homily on the Epistle. By Bishop Bonomelli, a famed preacher of his day.

Homily on the Gospel. Also by Bishop Bonomelli. Starts near bottom of page.

St Augustine: You Cannot Serve Both God And Mammon.

MORE POSTS PENDING.

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Bernardin de Piconio’s Commentary on Philippians 1:20c-24, 27a

Posted by Dim Bulb on September 13, 2011

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This post is on verses 19-27.

19. For I know this will turn out well for me to salvation, through your prayer, and the subministration of the Spirit of Jesus Christ.
20. According to my expectation and hope, that I shall be in nothing ashamed, but in every confidence, as always, so now Christ will be magnified in my body, whether through life, or through death.
21. For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain.

I know that this will turn to my salvation. The Apostle evidently regarded with feelings of great joy, but also of great solemnity, the mission on which he was engaged, in bearing his testimony to the truth of Christ’s resurrection and divine character, in presence of men of influence in the great city of the Roman world, and before the Emperor, at the risk of his own life, and was determined to discharge this duty fearlessly and with all Christian boldness, as if his eternal crown depended on it. I know that the preaching of Christ by others, whether actuated by jealousy, animosity against me, or sincerity and goodwill, will turn out to my salvation, and the faithful discharge of my mission, for I am sure and confident that through the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ, which will be granted to me through your prayers, I shall not be disappointed in the hope I entertain and cherish, and that hope is, that I shall be enabled, when the time comes, to speak with boldness and confidence, whether in the presence of the Emperor or elsewhere. If I live, Christ will be magnified by my preaching and my bodily life. If I die, he will be glorified in my death. In either case, his Gospel will be more widely known, his Church more firmly founded and established upon earth. If I live, I live for the service and glory of Christ; if I die, I shall be still better off, for I shall be admitted to the enjoyment of his presence.
22. But if to live in the flesh, this is the fruit of my work, and what I shall choose I do not know.

The meaning of the Greek text of this verse seems to be, I do not know whether the fruit of my work, the result of the struggle in which I am now engaged, will be my continued life in the flesh, or which I should choose if the choice were left to me. Saint Chrysostom is of opinion that the choice of life or death was given to the Apostle, and that he hesitated between inclination on one side and the interests of the Church on the other. It is not, however, necessary to take his words so literally as this, and it appears from his language in the next chapter that he regarded his life or death as uncertain, like all other contingent and future events.

23. For I am urged by two things at once, having the desire to be dissolved, and to be with Christ, much far better;

I am urged by two at once, two equally balanced aspirations and desires. I desire to he dissolved, set free from the chain of the body with which the soul is bound. As in Ecclesiastes 12:7~The spirit returns to God who gave it. The inferior animals at death are resolved into the elements of which they are composed; the soul of man is dissolved from the chain of the body, after which the body, like the body of the brutes, is resolved into its elements. This dissolution is something good and desirable; because it makes the soul impassable, impeccable, celestial, and divine; or, as St. Bernard says, sets men free from pain, sin, and peril. See a further elucidation of this subject in the note of Cornelius a Lapide on this place. St. Augustine says of St. Paul: He who desires to be dissolved and to be with Christ, does not die with patience. On the contrary, he lives with patience and dies with delight and joy.

Much far better. Latin: Multo magis melius, much more better, means better beyond all comparison. St. Paul had seen Jesus Christ in the glory of the resurrection, and knew that no satisfaction which creation could afford was worthy of a moment’s comparison with that great happiness.

24. But to remain in the flesh is necessary on your account.

To remain in the body is necessary for you, not for the Philippians only, but for the other Gentile Churches as well. The presence and encouragement of the Apostle was necessary to prepare the Churches for the severe trial that awaited them at the outbreak of the great persecution, which occurred two or three years later, and which by depriving them of all their Apostles and Evangelists must have severely tried their faith.

25. And trusting this, I know that I shall remain and continue with you all, to your advancement and joy of faith:

Trusting this, leaving the decision of the question with perfect confidence in the hands of God, who will order it as he sees to be best, I know that I shall remain and continue with you all, for some considerable time. The word I know implies, however, no more than moral certainty, as appears from the language of the preceding verses, and from his words in Phil 2:17, even if I should be sacrificed for your faith, and 24, I trust in the Lord to come to you quickly. For your profit, or advancement in sanctity and merit, and joy in the strengthening of your faith, in the great privileges of the Gospel and hope of life everlasting.

26. That your rejoicing may abound in Christ Jesus in me, through my coming to you.

That your rejoicing or boasting may abound in Christ Jesus in me, St. Chrysostom takes this actively, that I may be able to boast or rejoice in your spiritual advancement and the joy you derive from your faith in Jesus Christ, when I ccune among you. The words will, however, bear a more simple and literal interpretation. That your rejoicing in Christ may be increased in me, that is by my coming to you, my happy return to visit you once more, alive and well, in safety and in triumph.

27. Only live worthily of the Gospel of Christ, that whether when I come and see you, or absent hear of you, that you stand unanimous in one spirit, labouring together for the faith of the Gospel.

Only live worthily of the Gospel of Christ. The Greek word is πολιτεύομαι, fill your place as citizens of the Church of God, worthily of the Gospel which is the charter of your incorporation. The figure is perhaps an allusion to the civic privileges enjoyed by the citizens of the Roman colony of Philippi. Either I shall come and visit you, and see with my own eyes, or if not, I shall hear of you by the report of others, and in either case I hope to find you standing in your ranks (another figure borrowed from the same source, for Philippi was a colony of soldiers) animated by one spirit and one soul, fighting side by side on behalf of the faith of the Gospel. The Vulgate has collahorantes, labouring together. The Greek word will bear either meaning. The grammatical construction of this sentence in the Vulgate is irregular. The Greek has: that whether coming and seeing, or absent, I may hear.

 


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